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Higher Education Desert
Any area of the U.S. where college aspirant citizens must drive (one way) more than sixty minutes (some definitions use the parameter of 25 miles) to attend to a 4-year college or university.
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Deep Learning
The pyramid of concepts that give computers and machines the ability to learn complex ideas by developing them from simpler ones.
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Deeper Learning
Is a critical and higher order thinking model that is made up of the following 6 competencies: master core academic content, think critically and solve complex problems, communicate effectively, work collaboratively, learn how to learn, develop academic mindsets.
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Stage 5: The Expert Reader (typically from 16 years and older)
During the fifth phase of the reading development process, the learner is reading from a wide range of advanced materials, both expository and narrative, with multiple viewpoints. Learners are reading broadly across the disciplines, including the physical, biological and social sciences as well as the humanities, politics and current affairs.
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Stage 4: The Fluent, Comprehending Reader (typically between 9 – 15 years old)
During the fourth phase of the reading development process, reading is used to acquire new ideas to gain new knowledge, to experience new feelings, to acquire new attitudes, and to explore issues from multiple perspectives. Reading includes the study of textbooks, reference works, trade books, newspapers, and magazines that contain new
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Stage 3: The Decoding Reader (typically between 7 – 9 years old)
During the third phase of the reading development process children are beginning to read familiar stories and text with increasing fluency. This is accomplished by consolidating the foundational decoding elements, sight vocabulary, and meaning in the reading of stories and selections that the child is already familiar with.
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Stage 2: The Novice Reader (typically between 6 to 7 years old)
During the second phase of the reading development process children are learning the relationships between letters and sounds and amongst printed and spoken words. The child begins to read stories with high-frequency words and phonically regular words and uses emerging skills and insights to “sound out” new one-syllable words.
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Stage 1: The Emergent Pre-reader (typically between 6 months to 6 years old)
During the initial phase of the reading development process children sample and learn from a full range of multiple sounds, words, concepts, images, stories, exposure to print, literacy materials, and just plain talk during the first five years of life.
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Student Growth Percentile Model (SGP)
An achievement growth model that articulates a student’s growth compared to other students with comparable prior test scores.
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Gain Score Model
A student growth model that measures achievement growth from year-to-year by subtracting the previous year (initial) score from the current year (final) score.
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