3 Ways Standardized Testing Hurts the Classroom
Assessment has become a central part of education. While lifelong learning should always be the main focus of a classroom, the pervasive knowledge that at some point, there will be testing, from the local scale to the national, has also become a backdrop in curriculum development.
Standardized testing has long been part of the K–12 scene, but since the enactment of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in 2001, student results have been used by the federal and state governments to determine the level of funding schools receive. The salaries and job security of teachers and administrators are also determined, at least in part, by the results of student achievement on standardized tests. As a result, a “teaching to the test” mentality has emerged in public schools throughout the country. The benefit to curriculum and lesson plans that focus heavily on anticipated test material is that a core standard for all students is established. The particular skills that are deemed most important are targeted, providing a blueprint for what students throughout the country should be learning.
The Center for Public Education, however, notes that the pitfalls of basing curriculum and in-class lessons on standardized testing are wide-ranging. Here are some of these issues that happen when standardized testing becomes the focus of education.
- The scope applied to what is taught in K-12 classrooms becomes too narrow.
- Too much time is spent prepping for the test itself and learning test-taking skills, instead of broadening an actual knowledge base.
- Schools may miss what should be the point of standardized testing in the first place. For example, if a school or district sees lower math scores than average, it should consider that a sign that stronger math initiatives need to take place across the board.Standardized testing should be seen as an aid in curriculum development and modification—not the entire teaching plan!
Figuring out how to make assessment and curriculum work synergistically is still a work in progress. As an educator, it will be a responsibility of yours to be a part of the effort. Talk to the other teachers in your district to see what’s working and what’s not. Put ideas to the test, and keep honing in on what yields the best results for your students.