13 Concepts and Strategies That Teachers Can Use to Develop Fluent Readers
Are you a teacher, struggling teach your students to read fluently? No worries, we have you covered. In this article, we will discuss 13 reading fluency concepts and strategies that you can use in your classroom today.
1. Analytic Process- A reading technique designed to help teachers to observe and assess students’ engagement with the reading process. Teachers are then able to identify strengths and weaknesses, and plan appropriate lessons regardless of the domain, teaching method, or curriculum involved.
2. Language Experience Approach (LEA)- A method of reading instruction which develops the reader’s sight vocabulary, linguistic proficiency, and graphophonic awareness as they read their language. The teacher examines the stories students have written down and uses some of their experiences to help them expand on their words through discussion and questions.
3. Frustration Level- The threshold for reading output beyond which students are unable to continue reading due to the difficulty of the material despite having had instruction and guidance.
4. Instructional Reading Level- The standard of reading ability at which students are challenged but not frustrated to allow them to read successfully in the ordinary teaching and classroom environment.
5. Interactive Assessment- An evaluation method in which a teacher determines which types of environments will provide students with the most meaningful and effective reading experiences.
6. What is a Maze Technique- A variation of the cloze test, in which a reader selects from a choice of several words rather than delete words from a passage.
7. Interactive Read Alouds- A reading activity in which people, usually adults, read something aloud and discuss new ideas or words to engage the learners.
8. Interactive Writing- A writing activity used to support emergent readers and writers. Learners write down sentences which the teacher reads aloud, stretching each word to help the learners distinguish between sounds and letters. The learners then write the letters or words as they repeat the sounds read aloud.
9. Shared Reading- An activity in which the teacher reads aloud from a book while students follow along with a large book, personal copies of the book, or from a class chart.
10. What are Advance Organizers- A teaching idea which allows students to hear and pronounce words or phrases unfamiliar to them before listening to or reading a story. An example of advance organizers are chants.
11. Visual Synthesizing- In reading, a process that follows the blending of sounds and enables readers to analyze words without resorting to sounding them out mentally.
12. Word Wall- A large surface on which teachers can post the words they are studying or frequently encountering in their reading and writing.
13. Close Reading- An active reading technique in which teachers guide students in reading a text, in whole or in part, numerous times and supporting them during each reading.
Do you have any concepts or strategies that you would like to share with our readers?