How to Implement Direct Instruction in Your Classroom
Direct instruction is an instructor-centered approach in which the instructor uses simple, straightforward language to explain concepts to learners. The instructor is in full control of the pace, content, and structure of the lesson at all times, and learners are required to follow.
- Provides clear and direct knowledge to learners.
- It is sometimes the only way to teach something, especially when introducing a new idea.
- Learners cannot reconcile their knowledge and skills with direct instruction alone. Direct instruction must be followed by other teaching strategies that involve more active learning, so learners can practice and demonstrate their knowledge.
- Introduction/Review: You set the stage for learning. This is the opening of the lesson, and it’s intended to engage learners, get their attention, and activate their prior knowledge.
- Present the new material: Utilize clear and guided instructions, so learners can begin absorbing the new material. The lesson content must be carefully organized step-by-step, with the steps building on each other.
- Guided practice: Here, the instructor and learners practice the concept together. The student attempts the skill with the assistance of the instructor and other learners.
- Feedback and correctives: If learners don’t understand the lesson material, the instructor corrects them and gives feedback.
- Independent practice: After guided practice and receiving positive feedback, learners are ready to apply the new learning material on their own.
- Evaluation/review: Check whether your learners know everything before moving on to a new concept that builds upon what they’ve just learned.