How to Implement Project-Based Learning into Your Classroom
Project-based learning requires learners to spend an extended period on a single project to gain in-depth knowledge about the task. As such, project-based learning usually involves more complex situation and is designed to challenge learners more than problem-based learning in which learners are developing a solution to a problem. Projects must be of interest to the learners and give them the freedom to go in-depth.
- Learners have the opportunity to become “experts” on topics. By going in-depth on an item, learners may become very knowledgeable and feel empowered.
- A balance is struck between ensuring that learners focus on curriculum-linked projects and giving learners the latitude to explore the details of a subject that is of personal interest to them.
- Learners tend to have increased freedom using this approach. So, learners need to learn self-regulation skills before beginning the task.
- Project-based learning is time-consuming and can take weeks and even months to complete.
- The instructor assigns learners a research question, such as “What are the key characteristics of mammals?”
- Learners work in small groups to come up with an idea for a poster, diagram, or presentation project on the topic.
- The instructor approves or asks for amendments to learners’ proposed projects.
- Learners are provided a series of lessons over two weeks in computer labs and in resource-rich classrooms to complete their projects.
- The instructor checks in intermittently to ensure standards are upheld and to motivate learners to improve upon their projects.
- The project concludes with learners presenting their projects to their parents.