21 Strategies to Help Students Who Have Trouble Reading or Following Written Instructions
Are you looking for strategies to help students who have trouble reading or following written instructions? If so, keep reading.
1. Create classroom rules: • Complete every assignment. • Complete assignments quietly. • Remain in your seat. • Finish tasks. • Meet task expectations. Examine rules often. Praise students for following the rules.
2. Provide a predetermined signal (e.g., clapping hands, turning lights off and on, etc.) before giving written instructions.
3. Get the learner to keep a record (e.g., chart or graph) of their performance in following written instructions.
4. Give the learner a copy of written instructions at their desk in addition to on the smartboard, posted in the classroom, etc.
5. Give the learner a voice recording of written instructions.
6. Make sure the learner achieves success when following written instructions.
7. Transfer instructions from textbooks and workbooks when images or other stimuli make it complicated to pay attention to or follow written instructions.
8. Get the learner to question any written directions, explanations, or instructions they do not understand.
9. Make sure that instructions are given at a level at which the learner can be successful (e.g., two-step or three-step directions should not be given to students who only know how to successfully follow one-step directions).
10. Stop the learner from becoming over stimulated (e.g., frustrated, angry, etc.) by a learning experience .
12. Assess the clarity and quality of written directions, explanations, and instructions given to the learner.
14. Teach the learner written direction-following skills (e.g., read carefully, write down essential points, ask for clarification, wait until all instructions are received before beginning, etc.).
15. Give clearly stated written instructions (i.e., make the instructions as simple and concrete as possible).
16. Place the learner far enough away from peers to enable them to pay attention to written instructions.
17. Provide all instructions, questions, and explanations concisely and at an appropriate rate for the learner.
18. Praise the learner for following written instructions based on the duration of time the learner can be successful. As the learner shows success, slowly increase the duration of time required for reinforcement.
19. Praise the learner for following written instructions: (a) give the learner a concrete reward (e.g., privileges such as leading the line, handing out learning materials, 10 minutes of free time, etc.) or (b) give the learner an informal reward (e.g., praise, handshake, smile, etc.).
21. Consider using AI to teach reading comprehension.
22. Consider using Alexa to teach reading skills.
23. Try using one of our many apps designed to teach literacy skills and help students with reading issues: