How to Implement the Frayer Model Teaching Strategy in Your Classroom
This strategy uses a graphic organizer for learners to (1) define the target vocabulary words or concepts, and (2) apply this information by generating examples. Learners record this information on a chart that is divided into four sections to provide a visual representation for learners.
- Introduce word meanings
- Review word meanings
- Pre-select a list of essential vocabulary from a reading selection.
- Provide a copy of the Frayer Model graphic organizer (Click here to access all of our graphic organizer forms) to each student.
- Explain each section of the graphic organizer.
- Model the process utilizing a common vocabulary word or concept to demonstrate each section of the graphic organizer.
- Ask learners to complete the graphic organizer individually, in small groups, or as a whole class.
- Model the type and quality of desired answers for the specific concept.
- Review vocabulary words or concepts with the class before learners read the content.
- Have learners read the assigned content and carefully define the target concepts. Have learners complete the four-square graphic organizer for each word/concept.
- Ask the learners to share their conclusions with the entire class. These presentations may be used to review the whole list of new vocabulary or concepts.
- This instructional strategy promotes critical thinking and helps learners to identify and understand unfamiliar vocabulary.
- Utilize the Frayer Model with the entire class, small groups, or for individual learners.
- The Frayer Model draws on a student’s prior knowledge to build connections among new concepts and creates a visual reference by which learners learn to compare attributes and examples.