Pearl Harbor Facts For Kids
Pearl Harbor is a famous attack on the United States that occurred on December 7, 1941. It was an attack on the naval base in Hawaii, and it was carried out by the Japanese military. The attack killed 2,403 Americans and wounded 1,178 more. Here are some facts about Pearl Harbor that children may find interesting.
1. Pearl Harbor was attacked on a Sunday morning
The attack on Pearl Harbor took place on December 7, 1941, a Sunday morning. Many people were still asleep when the attack began, and many others were attending church services.
2. The attack lasted two hours
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor began at 7:55 am and lasted until 9:45 am. During that time, Japanese planes bombed and strafed the naval base and several ships in the harbor.
3. The attack was a surprise
The United States did not expect to be attacked by Japan, so the attack was a complete surprise. The U.S. military was caught off guard and was not prepared to defend against the attack.
4. Many ships were damaged or destroyed
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor damaged or destroyed many American ships, including eight battleships, three cruisers, four destroyers, and other vessels. The USS Arizona was hit by a bomb and sunk, killing 1,177 crew members.
5. The attack led to the United States entering World War II
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a major factor in the United States entering World War II. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on Japan the day after the attack. The United States later declared war on Germany and Italy.
6. The United States mobilized for war
The United States mobilized for war after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Millions of Americans joined the military, and many industries began producing war materials. The United States went on to win the war with the help of its allies.
7. There are monuments and memorials in honor of the victims
There are several monuments and memorials in Hawaii and across the United States that honor the victims of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The USS Arizona Memorial is one of the most famous monuments and is located in Pearl Harbor.
In conclusion, the attack on Pearl Harbor was a significant event in American history. It led to the United States entering World War II, and it had a profound impact on the country. Learning about Pearl Harbor can help children understand the importance of protecting their country and honoring those who have sacrificed for their freedom.