The RAT Model, developed by Dr. Joan Hughes, allows teachers to self-assess their integration of technology in the classroom. According to the RAT Model, digital technology can be used as replacement, amplification, or transformation in the classroom.
Replacement refers to the use of technology that in no way changes instructional practices. The technology is simply a different means to the same instructional end.
Amplification is when the task remains fundamentally the same, but the use of technology increases efficiency, effectiveness, and productivity.
Transformation occurs when technology “reinvents aspects of instruction, learning, or curriculum in new and inventive ways.”
While all of these categories may be used, amplification and transformation are more effective than replacement. Teachers are encouraged to use the RAT Model to reflect on and assess their use of technology in the classroom.