What is a Discipline?
This is simply an arm of academic training. In other words, it’s a branch of knowledge or scholarly instruction in an institution for higher education. Thus, an academic discipline provides the structure for a student’s fields of study when he joins a college or an institution of higher studies. When a student gets trained in a discipline, they learn a system of orderly behavior, which is recognized as a feature of the discipline. Such behaviors are evident in students’ approaches to comprehending and examining new knowledge, methods of working, and viewpoints on the world around them.
An academic discipline provides the structure of knowledge not just for the students but even their faculty members. Thus, the disciple provides frameworks in which faculty members are trained in a specific way, perform the tasks of research, teaching, and administration, and generate educational and research output. Thus, academic disciplines are distinct worlds and cultures that have varying influences on higher education structure and scholarly behaviors.
Academic disciplines and their respective branches vary from one institution to the other. Yet, students are most likely to find some overlapping and varying arrangements of disciplines at their colleges and universities.
Some common disciplines that students can find in colleges and universities are natural and applied sciences, humanities, business, and social sciences. The branches of these disciplines could be chemistry, biology, physics, computer science, mathematics, and engineering (natural and applied sciences); history, art, music, languages, philosophy, and literature (humanities); economics, accounting, management, and finance (business); and anthropology, geography, education, political science, and law (social sciences).
Students need to be aware that each discipline is a distinct community with particular styles, vocabularies, and modes of working and communication. For example, different disciplines tend to suggest different methods for collecting evidence from research sources. Thus, biologists are usually required to do laboratory research, while social scientists acquire data from research reports, interviews, ethnographic observation, and fieldwork. Again art historians often use details from a blend of primary and secondary sources, such as art criticisms and works of art. Political scientists use demographic data from opinion polls and government surveys along with direct quotations from party platforms and political candidates.
It’s important to note that instead of having a hierarchical authority structure, academic disciplinary communities set up incentives and types of cooperation around a specific subject and its problems. Additionally, disciplines have specific goals, which are typically synonymous with the goals of the schools and departments that make up an institutional operating unit.