Three Brain-Based Teaching Strategies to Build Executive Function in Students
Executive function is a set of cognitive skills essential for success in school and life. These skills, which include attention, working memory, and self-control, allow us to plan, organize, and complete tasks, regulate our emotions and behavior and interact effectively with others. Unfortunately, many students struggle with these skills, which can harm their academic and social success. Fortunately, there are brain-based teaching strategies that can help to build executive function in students.
1. Incorporating movement into the learning process
One of the most effective ways to build executive function is incorporating movement into the learning process. Movement activates the brain and helps improve attention and working memory, both critical components of executive function. For example, teachers can incorporate movement breaks into the day, such as having students stand up and stretch or play games that require physical activity. Movement-based activities can also be incorporated into lessons, such as using gestures to reinforce key concepts or playing games requiring students to interact physically with the material.
2. Using visual aids
Visual aids, such as diagrams, illustrations, and graphic organizers, can be highly effective in building executive function in students. Visual aids help to activate the brain’s visual and spatial processing centers, which are important for attention and working memory. Additionally, visual aids can make it easier for students to understand complex concepts, plan and organize their thoughts, and remember what they have learned. Teachers can use visual aids to present new information, reinforce key concepts, and provide a visual reference for students to refer to as they work on tasks.
3. Promoting metacognition
Metacognition is the ability to think about one’s thinking, a critical component of executive function. By promoting metacognition in students, teachers can help them become more aware of their learning processes and develop the necessary skills to regulate their attention and behavior. For example, teachers can encourage students to reflect on their learning by asking them to explain what they know, identify what they still need to learn and evaluate their understanding. Additionally, teachers can provide opportunities for students to work collaboratively and provide feedback to each other, which can further promote metacognition and build executive function skills.
Building executive function in students is essential for academic and social success. By incorporating movement into the learning process, using visual aids, and promoting metacognition, teachers can help students develop the critical skills they need to succeed in school and life. In addition, by incorporating these brain-based teaching strategies, teachers can create an environment that supports and challenges students, allowing them to reach their full potential.