Teaching Students About Transorbital Lobotomy
As a student of psychology, it is essential to learn about the various techniques and methods utilized in the field of psychiatry. One such method is Transorbital Lobotomy, which is a surgical process used to treat patients with mental illness. In this article, we will discuss the importance of teaching students about Transorbital Lobotomy.
Transorbital Lobotomy, also known as Lobotomy or Leucotomy, was a popular surgical technique in the early 20th century. Invented by Portuguese neurologist António Egas Moniz, this technique involves drilling holes on the skull and inserting a sharp instrument into the prefrontal cortex of the brain. The instrument was then moved back and forth, cutting the fibers that connect the prefrontal cortex to other parts of the brain. This was believed to alleviate symptoms of mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and depression. The procedure was often performed on patients who were considered to be “difficult” or “unmanageable.”
However, the effectiveness of this technique was later called into question, as patients who underwent the procedure often experienced severe side effects such as seizures, personality changes, and intellectual impairment. Despite this, the procedure was performed on thousands of patients before it was deemed too risky and eventually replaced with other treatments.
While Transorbital Lobotomy is no longer used in modern psychiatry, it is still an essential historical procedure to study for several reasons. For one, it is a stark reminder of the dangers of medical procedures that have not been adequately tested or researched. The procedure was popular during a time when treatments for mental illnesses were scarce, and psychiatrists were often resorting to unconventional methods to treat their patients. As students of psychology, learning about the history of these procedures can help us to appreciate the importance of evidence-based treatments and the harm that can be caused by experimental procedures.
Furthermore, studying the method of Transorbital Lobotomy can help us to better understand the workings of the brain. The prefrontal cortex of the brain is responsible for many cognitive and emotional processes, including decision-making and goal setting. By learning about this area and its role in brain function, students can better understand how mental illnesses affect the brain and how different treatments can target specific areas.
In conclusion, while the use of Transorbital Lobotomy in modern psychiatry is unlikely, studying this historical procedure is crucial for students of psychology. It reminds us of the importance of evidence-based treatments, the dangers of experimental procedures, and the intricacies of the brain’s functioning. By learning about the past and present of psychiatry, students can better equip themselves for a future in the field.