Teaching Students About the Preconventional Stage
As a teacher, it is crucial that you understand the psychological development of your students in order to create an effective learning environment. One of the stages of development that you should be aware of is the preconventional stage. This stage is important because it shapes the way children view the world around them and influences their behavior.
The preconventional stage is the first stage of moral development, according to the theory developed by Lawrence Kohlberg. This stage is typically experienced by children between the ages of 4 and 10 years old. At this stage, children view the world in a very black-and-white manner and are driven by a desire to avoid punishment and gain rewards.
Teaching students about the preconventional stage can help them understand their own thought processes and shape their behavior. Here are some ways you can help your students understand the preconventional stage:
1. Use real-life examples: Use concrete examples to help students understand how the preconventional stage influences their behavior. For instance, you could use examples such as “If someone gives you a prize for doing well in school, you will try harder to do well.”
2. Explain the concepts of punishment and rewards: When teaching students about the preconventional stage, it is important to explain the concepts of punishment and rewards. Children in this stage are motivated to avoid punishment and gain rewards, so it is important for them to understand the impact of their actions.
3. Encourage students to think for themselves: As students progress through the preconventional stage, they begin to develop their own ideas about what is right and wrong. Encourage students to think for themselves and question why certain actions are considered right or wrong.
4. Provide opportunities for students to make choices: As students progress through the preconventional stage, they begin to make their own decisions about what is right and wrong. Provide opportunities for students to make choices and see the consequences of their actions.