Teaching Students About the History of the Atmospheric Perspective Art
As an art teacher, it is important to expose your students to different art techniques, styles, and movements. One such technique is the atmospheric perspective, which was first utilized during the Renaissance period.
Atmospheric perspective, also known as aerial perspective, is the technique of creating an illusion of depth in a painting by showing the effect of distance on the appearance of objects. This is accomplished by creating a gradual shift in color and tone as the objects recede into the background. Colors become lighter and less vibrant, and details become less distinct.
To teach students about the history of atmospheric perspective, start by providing them with some background information about the technique. Discuss how artists during the Renaissance period, such as Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael, were interested in creating the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface. They accomplished this by studying the natural world and observing how objects appeared to change in size and color as they receded into the distance.
Once they understand the history of atmospheric perspective, students can practice this technique in their own artwork. Begin by having them sketch a simple landscape, including objects such as trees, mountains, and buildings. Then, encourage them to use different colors and tones to create the illusion of depth and distance. For example, objects in the foreground should be more vibrant and detailed, while objects in the background should be less distinct and lighter in color.
To take this exercise to the next level, have students research famous artists who have utilized atmospheric perspective in their artwork, such as J.M.W. Turner or Monet. Encourage them to create their own artwork in the style of these artists, using the techniques they have learned about atmospheric perspective.
By teaching students about the history of atmospheric perspective and providing them with an opportunity to practice this technique, you can help them develop their artistic skills and gain a deeper appreciation for the art of the past.