Teaching Students About the Capital City of Morocco
Morocco is a fascinating country located in the North African region. It is known for its Islamic architecture, varied landscapes, spices, cuisine, and Arab culture. One of the fascinating and vital cities in Morocco is Rabat, the capital city. The significance of teaching students about Rabat is to help them understand the country’s geography, history, and culture.
First, teaching students about Rabat’s geography is instrumental in enhancing their knowledge of the city’s unique landform, location, and climatic conditions. Rabat is situated on the Atlantic coast, close to the Bou Regreg River’s mouth, which separates it from neighboring Sale. The city is relatively small compared to other capitals worldwide, covering an area of about 117 square kilometers. Rabat’s weather is characterized by hot, dry summers, and mild winters. During the summer, the temperature ranges between 20-26°C, while winter temperatures range from 7-18°C.
Secondly, Rabat’s history fascinates students and provides insights into the country’s past and current events. The city’s historical significance dates back to the Roman era, where it was a crucial trading point between Africa,
Europe, and the Middle East. However, Rabat rose to importance when the Almohads, a Muslim Berber dynasty, established it as their capital in the 12th century. During the 17th century, the city was a vital center of European diplomacy and trade in Northwest Africa. Thus, teaching students about Rabat’s history enlightens them on the city’s role in Moroccan politics and international relations.
Thirdly, teaching students about Rabat is crucial to promoting Moroccan culture’s understanding. Rabat is a cultural hub and home to several cultural landmarks worth mentioning. The city hosts various festivals and events throughout the year, showcasing traditional music, food, and attire. Students should learn Rabat’s musical instrument, such as Gnawa, and folk dances such as Aissawa. Additionally, they should learn about Moroccan cuisine, which features local dishes like Tajine, Couscous, and Harira.