Teaching Students About Munich
Munich, the capital of Bavaria and a major city in Germany, has a rich history and distinct cultural identity. As educators, it is important to teach students about Munich’s fascinating past and vibrant present to provide them with a well-rounded understanding of the world they live in. This article will discuss various aspects of Munich that teachers should cover in their lessons, from its origins to its modern-day attractions.
History of Munich
1. Foundation and early history: Munich was founded by Duke Henry the Lion in 1158. Teachers should discuss how the city grew around the Old Town (Altstadt) and expanded over time. In addition, they should cover important events like the foundation of Frauenkirche, a landmark church in Munich, and the establishment of prestigious universities such as Ludwig Maximilian University.
2. Bavarian monarchy: As the seat of the Bavarian Wittelsbach dynasty, Munich played an essential role in shaping Bavaria’s history. A discussion about this royal family would enhance students’ understanding of how Bavarian culture evolved throughout the centuries.
3. World War II: Encourage students to explore Munich’s role during World War II – both during Nazi rule and afterward. Topics could include Hitler’s failed Beer Hall Putsch, Dachau concentration camp (located just outside Munich), and the city’s rebuilding process after being severely damaged by bombings.
Arts and Architecture
1. Gothic architecture: Explore Munich’s iconic gothic landmarks such as Frauenkirche, Neues Rathaus (New Town Hall), and St. Peter’s Church.
2. Baroque and Rococo styles: These styles flourished in Munich during the 18th century. Teachers can showcase beautiful examples like Nymphenburg Palace, Asam Church, or Cuvilliés Theatre.
3. Modern architecture: Introduce students to modern architectural designs found in Munich, such as the futuristic Allianz Arena or the BMW Headquarters building.
Cultural Life and Festivals
1. Oktoberfest: Teach students about Munich’s world-famous beer festival – its origins, traditions, and significance to the city’s economy and culture.
2. Museums: Munich is renowned for its museums – provide an overview of the city’s prominent art institutions, such as Alte Pinakothek, Neue Pinakothek, or Pinakothek der Moderne.
3. Munich Film Festival: Introduce students to this prestigious annual film festival that attracts filmmakers and celebrities from around the world.
Food and Drink
1. Bavarian cuisine: Teachers can acquaint students with traditional Bavarian dishes like Weißwurst (white sausage), Brezn (pretzels), or Leberkäse (meatloaf).
2. Beer culture: Discuss Munich’s legendary beer gardens (such as Hofbräuhaus) and the beer brewing process.
3. Viktualienmarkt: Help students understand the significance of this historic outdoor market that has been serving Münchners since 1807.