Teaching Students About Lavalieres
As a teacher or instructor in audio and video production, one of the essential tools to teach your students about is the lavalier microphone. Lavalier microphones, also known as lapel mics or clip-on microphones, are small and versatile microphones used for various audio recording purposes. This article provides a comprehensive guide for teaching students about lavalieres and their value in modern media production.
1. History and Introduction to Lavalieres
Start by giving your students a brief history of lavalier microphones and their significance throughout the ages. Teach them about how these mics first came into use in theater productions during the early 20th century and gradually became popular in radio, television, and film.
2. Types of Lavalier Microphones
Explain and demonstrate the various types of lavalier microphones available on the market. This can include wired versus wireless models, omnidirectional or unidirectional pickup patterns, and even waterproof models for outdoor use. Providing students with examples from different brands can help illustrate the varying quality levels.
3. Proper Placement and Techniques
Teach your students how to properly place a lavalier microphone on different subjects, both male and female. Show them various mounting options, such as clipping onto a shirt collar, attaching to a tie, or hiding within costumes. Demonstrate how these placements impact audio quality using various recording setups.
4. Calibration and Gain Settings
Teach your students how to calibrate different lavalieres with their respective audio recording devices. Explain factors such as gain settings, automatic level control (ALC), noise floors, and monitoring levels that will ensure optimal audio clarity.
5. Maintaining Quality Audio Levels
Educate your students on maintaining a steady flow of clean audio during live events or scene changes in productions using lapel mics. Discuss techniques related to audio mixers and the use of signal processors, such as equalization, noise reduction, and compression.
6. Troubleshooting Common Issues
Prepare your students for real-world audio recording scenarios by discussing common issues that arise when using lavalier microphones. Educate them on how to identify and troubleshoot issues like interference, poor microphone placement, plosives, or sibilance.
7. Care and Maintenance
Instruct your students on the proper care and maintenance of lavalier microphones to ensure their long-lasting performance. Discuss cleaning routines, storage tips, and the importance of having a backup lapel mic in case of equipment failure.