Teaching Students About Expressionism Art
Expressionism is a form of art that emerged in Europe in the early 20th century. It is characterized by the expression of strong emotions through abstract or exaggerated forms. Expressionist works often depict the inner turmoil of the artist, and the technique was used to reflect the social, political, and cultural upheaval of the time. Teaching students about Expressionism art can help them appreciate the significance of art beyond its aesthetic appeal and understand how it can be used to reflect the feelings and beliefs of society.
To teach Expressionism art, teachers can start by giving students a brief history of the art form, including its pioneers. Some famous Expressionist artists include Edvard Munch, Wassily Kandinsky, and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Teachers can also discuss the social and political situation of the early 20th century, and how it influenced the Expressionist movement.
After establishing the background, teachers can guide students through analyzing Expressionist artworks. Students can study paintings, sculptures, or prints in class or explore virtual collections, and discuss the emotions conveyed in the artworks. They can also identify the techniques used by Expressionist artists, such as thick brushstrokes, distorted forms, bright colors, and unusual compositions. Teachers can also encourage students to express their own emotions through art, using the Expressionist techniques.
Another useful approach when teaching Expressionism art is to focus on a particular theme or subject, and have students create their own artworks based on it. For instance, students can create Expressionist self-portraits, landscapes, cityscapes, or images inspired by a particular event or issue in society. As they work on their art, students can share their emotions, thoughts, and artistic choices with the class, fostering creativity, critical thinking, and emotional intelligence.
To conclude, teaching students about Expressionism art is an excellent way to promote artistic appreciation and critical thinking. By exploring the history, techniques, and themes of Expressionist artworks, students can learn about the significance of art in reflecting social, political, and cultural trends, and develop their own artistic expression. Teachers can make the learning process engaging by using a variety of resources and encouraging creativity and expression.