Teaching Students About Entablature Architecture
Entablature architecture is an important element of classical architecture. It is a distinct feature that separates the column from the roof, and is typically found in ancient Greek and Roman buildings. Teaching students about entablature architecture may seem like an obscure topic, but it is actually a fascinating window into the world of architectural design, materials, and techniques.
To teach entablature architecture, it is important to start with the basics. Students should understand what an entablature is and what it does. Ask them to take a look at the columns in a nearby building or structure, and to identify the different parts. The entablature is the horizontal structure that sits on top of the columns. It is composed of three parts: the architrave, frieze, and cornice. The architrave is the bottom layer and is typically a plain slab of stone or wood. The frieze sits on top of the architrave and is often decorated with relief sculptures or other decorative elements. The cornice is the top layer, and usually has a decorative molding or other ornate design.
Once students understand the parts of an entablature, it’s time to explore its history and significance. The use of entablatures dates back to ancient Greece, where they were used to give buildings a sense of proportion, balance, and symmetry. The Romans later adapted the entablature for their own buildings, and it became a defining feature of classical architecture.
It’s also important to explore the materials used in entablature architecture. In ancient times, stone was the material of choice due to its durability and strength. However, today’s builders have access to a wide range of materials, including wood, metal, and synthetic materials. Students can experiment with different materials to create their own version of an entablature.
In addition, it’s important to study the different styles of entablature architecture, such as Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Each style has its own unique characteristics, such as the shape of the columns, the decoration on the frieze, and the design of the cornice. Students can compare and contrast the different styles to gain a deeper understanding of how entablature has evolved over time.
Finally, one of the best ways to teach entablature architecture is to take students on a field trip to see examples for themselves. Whether it’s visiting a local building or traveling to a site known for its classical architecture, students will gain a greater appreciation of the beauty and craftsmanship that goes into entablature design.
In conclusion, teaching students about entablature architecture is an excellent opportunity to explore the history, materials, styles, and significance of classical architecture. Students will gain a deeper understanding of this important architectural feature and how it has shaped our built environment. By taking a hands-on approach and incorporating field trips, students will be engaged, inspired, and ready to apply this knowledge to their own projects and designs.