Teaching Students About Ankara
Ankara, the heart of modern Turkey and its capital, offers an enriching educational experience for students of all ages. With its wealth of historical landmarks, cultural treasures, and diverse neighborhoods, Ankara serves as an ideal living classroom for students to explore Turkish history, culture, and politics. In this article, we discuss how to approach teaching students about Ankara by delving into its rich history and highlighting various aspects that make the city a unique learning experience.
The Historical Significance of Ankara
Teaching about Ankara should start by exploring its ancient history. It is important for students to understand the city’s historical significance in order to have a strong foundation in their further studies.
1. Hittite Era: Introduce students to the history of the ancient Hittite civilization and their capital—Hattusa. Ankara was a vital center during this time.
2. The Phrygian Period: Cover the significance of the Phrygian culture that followed the Hittites and explain how Ankara became a prominent commercial hub.
3. The Roman Empire: Discuss how Ankara played a crucial role in the Roman Empire as Ancyra, with its Temple of Augustus standing as a testament to Roman influence.
4. Seljuk and Ottoman Rule: Teach about Seljuk architecture exemplified in landmarks such as the Kocatepe Mosque in Ankara. Eventually, trace the rise of Ottoman rule and explore their impact on city planning and infrastructure.
Modern Ankara: Connecting Past with Present
Once students gain an understanding of Ankara’s historical timeline, it is essential to showcase the modern advancements that have shaped present-day Turkey.
1. Turkish War of Independence: Highlight Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s decisive role in Turkey’s struggle for independence and how he later established Ankara as the capital of the new Republic.
2. Atatürk’s Mausoleum: A visit to Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, would provide students with an opportunity to reflect on Turkey’s founding father and his vision for the country.
3. Museums and Cultural Centers: Ankara boasts numerous museums, such as the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations and The State Art and Sculpture Museum, which can enhance students’ knowledge of Turkish history, arts, and culture.
4. Contemporary Architecture and Politics: Expose students to the city’s modern architecture like the Presidential Complex and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Discuss how these structures represent present-day Turkey while maintaining a connection to its historical roots.
Teaching students about Ankara requires diving into its rich history and multilayered culture while also preparing them to understand its modern evolution. A successful educational journey into Ankara will leave students with a thorough understanding of Turkey’s capital and a deep appreciation for its unique historical significance.