Teaching & Learning Strategies, Concepts, and Terms That Every Teacher Must Know: Letters PS-PU
To be considered a competent educator, there are almost 2000 strategies, concepts, and terms that you must know. However, since teachers wear so many hats, who has the time to learn them all? Don’t worry; we have you covered. In this series, we will discuss all the teaching and learning strategies, concepts, and terms that you need to know to be considered an effective educator. There are over 70 articles in this series, so pace yourself. We recommend reading one piece per weekday, which will allow you to complete the series in three to four months. We hope you enjoy it.
Psycho-Linguistic Processing The use of various methods of thinking to construct or to understand meaning in oral and written language.
Psychological Safety Carl Rogers theorized that an environment that is tolerant and free from judgment is a pre-requisite to establishing a creative atmosphere.
Psychological Set The ideas and their associated words that a person derives from his or her memory when introduced to a topic.
Psychologists Mental health professionals who are often involved in a child’s initial assessment to determine cognitive functioning, developmental abilities, and social-behavioral functioning.
Psychomotor Excitability One of Dabrowski’s five areas of overexcitabilities. It presents itself as an excess amount of energy, enthusiasm, and an inability to sit still for long periods of time.
Psychosocial Crisis According to Erikson, the set of critical issues that individuals must address as they pass through each of the eight life stages.
Psychosocial Theory A set of principles and ideas grounded in the way a social context relates to psychological development. Erikson is often associated with this theory.
Public College or University An institution of higher education that is financially supported mainly by public funds.
Publishing Stage A step in the writing process, before submission to the teacher for evaluation, in which students review their written work, proofread, and make final edits.
Pulmonic Consonants Pulmonic constants constitute the majority of consonants produced by speakers when air is expelled from the lungs when articulated. On the IPA chart, pulmonic consonants are well organized concerning the absence or presence of voicing and the place of articulation and manner (how the consonant is articulated). Across the English language are nine different places of articulation that include: glottal, bilabial, velar, labiodental, palatal, labial-velar, postalveolar, dental, and alveolar. Twenty-one of the twenty-four English consonants are included on the pulmonic consonants chart. Additionally, there are eight different manners of articulation including six in English labeled as affricate, approximant, plosive, nasal, fricative, and lateral. The remaining three are on the other symbols chart as /w, ʧ, ʤ/.
Punishment Consequences meant to be displeasing or unpleasant which are used to weaken behavior or deter an individual from certain conduct in the future.
Punishment The relationship between two events that can decrease a behavior as a part of the Behavioral Theory. One of the simplest examples of punishment would be placing a child in time-out after an undesirable action.
Purpose Questions Questions used to guide reading by turning subheadings into questions.