Machu Picchu Facts For Kids
As a kid, you may have heard about Machu Picchu, but did you know that there are several interesting facts about this ancient Incan city? Here are some fun facts about Machu Picchu that you may not have known before:
- Machu Picchu is located in Peru
Machu Picchu is located in the South American country of Peru, specifically in the Cusco region. The city is situated about 2,430 metres above sea level on a mountain ridge and overlooks the Urubamba River.
- It was built by the Incas
Machu Picchu was built by the Incas in the 15th century. The city was abandoned towards the end of the 16th century, after the Spanish conquest. It was rediscovered in 1911 by an American explorer named Hiram Bingham.
- It was built without the use of cement
There are no records of the Incas using cement to build their cities. Instead, they used a technique called “ashlar,” which involves fitting together large, irregularly shaped stones without the use of mortar. The stones were cut so precisely that they fit together like puzzle pieces.
- It has several different sections
Machu Picchu is divided into several different sections, including the agricultural sector, urban sector, and residential sector. Each sector is connected by pathways and stairways.
- It was used for religious ceremonies
It is believed that Machu Picchu was used for religious ceremonies, as well as a retreat for Incan rulers. The city is home to several temples and sanctuaries, including the Temple of the Sun and the Intihuatana Stone, which is thought to have been used as an astronomical observatory.
- The city is surrounded by mountains
Machu Picchu is surrounded by several mountains, including Huayna Picchu, which is often climbed by tourists for a breathtaking view of the city.
- It is considered one of the new seven wonders of the world
In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the new seven wonders of the world in a worldwide poll. It is estimated that around 1.5 million people visit the site each year.
In conclusion, Machu Picchu is a fascinating city with a rich history. Its unique construction, religious significance, and breathtaking location make it an exciting destination for tourists of all ages. So, next time you hear about Machu Picchu, remember these fun facts and impress your friends and family with your knowledge!