Facts About President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the United States, serving from April 12, 1945, until January 20, 1953. He became president unexpectedly after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and led the country through the difficult times of World War II and the early Cold War era.
Here are some interesting facts about President Harry S. Truman:
- Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, on May 8, 1884. He was the oldest of three children born to John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Truman.
- Truman was a World War I veteran. He served in France as an artillery officer during the war.
- Truman was the first president to use an atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan, killing an estimated 90,000 people.
- Truman was the only president to have a doctorate degree. He received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from his alma mater, the University of Missouri, in 1950.
- Truman was an avid reader and enjoyed playing the piano. He was also fond of poker and enjoyed playing the game with his friends.
- Truman was the first president to address the United Nations. On October 24, 1945, he gave a speech to the General Assembly, emphasizing the importance of working together for the sake of world peace.
- Truman was a strong supporter of civil rights. He issued executive orders to desegregate the armed forces and federal workplaces, and appointed a commission to study civil rights issues.
- Truman was the last president to have served in World War I. He was also the last president to have been born in the 19th century.
- Truman was a farmer before entering politics. He and his wife, Bess, owned a farm in Grandview, Missouri, where they raised livestock and grew crops.
- Truman had a reputation for being plain-spoken and honest. He famously said, “The buck stops here,” meaning that he was ultimately responsible for the decisions made in his administration.
Overall, President Harry S. Truman had a lasting impact on the United States and the world, and his legacy continues to be felt to this day.