Activities to Teach Students to Spell the Digraph Word
Spellings can be challenging for many students, particularly when it comes to digraphs. Digraphs refer to two letters that work together to create a single sound. They can be notoriously difficult to remember, but there are several activities you can engage in to help students become more comfortable with spelling digraph words.
1. Word Sorts
Sorting games are a great way to help students understand the patterns in digraph words. First, introduce common digraphs such as “th”, “sh”, “ch”, and “wh”. Then, provide students with a variety of digraph words and ask them to sort them by their corresponding digraph. You can make the activity more challenging by including non-digraph words for students to eliminate.
2. Memory Match
Memory Match is a fun game that can help students build their spelling knowledge of digraph words. Create a set of cards with two matching digraph words and ask students to flip them over, one at a time, until they find the matching pairs. Once they discover a match, ask them to spell the words correctly aloud.
3. Word Searches
Word searches are a great way to allow students to practice their spelling skills in a fun, independent way. Create a word search filled with digraph words and ask students to circle each word as they find it. This activity will allow students to strengthen their digraph spelling skills without realizing it.
4. Read and Write
Another way to reinforce the digraph words is to ask students to read stories or passages that prominently feature digraphs. Afterward, provide them with a list of the digraph words they encountered, then ask them to write them down correctly. This will help students both recognize and reproduce words with digraphs.
Designate a specific area in your classroom as a digraph word station. Create signs with digraphs and place them on items around the room that contain digraphs (for example, “Phone” on the telephone). Encourage students to correctly spell each word aloud every time they notice it.
The above activities will make spelling digraph words more fun and enjoyable for students. It is advisable for teachers to vary these activities depending on the age and skill level of their class. Eventually, with practice, students will become more confident with spelling digraph words.