Activities to Teach Students to Multiply Integers: Find the Sign
Multiplication of integers can be a challenging concept for some students to master. However, with the right activities, teachers can effectively educate their students on how to multiply integers and find the sign. Below are some activities that can help students understand multiplication of integers.
1. Number Line Activity:
Draw and Label a number line. Introduce students to positive and negative integers by labeling them on the number line. Next, divide students into pairs and give each pair a pair of dice. Instruct the students to roll the dice and record the numbers on the whiteboard. The first number is the multiplier, and the second number is the integer being multiplied. The student whose turn it is to roll the dice will then move their integer to the position indicated by the multiplier. Once the students have determined the new position of the integer, they can label it with the new sign.
2. Number Puzzle Activity:
Distribute number puzzles to each student. Each puzzle will have a set of integers, and an answer. Students must solve the multiplication problem and find the answer on the puzzle. Once the students have found the answer, they will write it with the correct sign on the puzzle piece. Students can work alone or in pairs. The first person or pair to solve their puzzle can have a race to place their puzzle piece on the board. If the answer is correct, the puzzle piece remains on the board, if the answer is incorrect, it is removed.
3. Color by Number Activity:
Students are each given a worksheet with a multiplication problem. Once they have solved the problem, they use a code to color the corresponding answer. The color used for the answer will depend on the sign of the answer. For example, a positive answer may be colored green while a negative answer may be colored red. Once students have identified the sign of the answer, they can color the other problems on the worksheet and complete the picture.
4. Calculator Challenge Activity:
Divide students into pairs. Students will be given calculators with a variety of integers. Each pair will roll two dice. The first dice will indicate whether the students are to divide or multiply the integers. The second dice will indicate the number of integers being used. Students must use their calculators to find the solution to the problem, identify the sign of the answer, and label the answer. Once the pair has solved the problem and labeled the answer, they will switch calculators and play again.
By using these activities, students will have a chance to practice multiplying integers and finding the sign in a fun and engaging way. These activities allow educators to assess how well students understand the concept, and educators can adjust their instruction accordingly. With these activities and the help of teachers, students can become masters of multiplication of integers.