Activities to Teach Students to Multiply a 2-Digit Number by a Larger Number: Complete the Missing Steps
One of the more challenging aspects of multiplication for students is multiplying a 2-digit number by a larger number. To help students master this skill, teachers can use various methods and activities to engage students and make learning multiplication more fun and exciting.
In this article, we will discuss a few activities that teachers can use to teach students how to multiply a 2-digit number by a larger number.
Activity #1: Breaking Down the Problem
When students approach a multiplication problem that involves a 2-digit number and a larger number, they may feel overwhelmed and unsure of where to begin. Therefore, breaking down the problem into smaller, more manageable steps can be helpful.
To do this, teachers can model an example problem and ask students to follow along and complete the steps, one at a time. For example, if the problem is 35 x 6, teachers can have students complete the following steps:
1. Multiply the ones digit of the larger number (6) by the ones digit of the 2-digit number (5). This gives us 30.
2. Carry over any extra digits to the next step.
3. Multiply the tens digit of the larger number (6) by the tens digit of the 2-digit number (3). This gives us 180.
4. Add the two products (30 + 180). The result is 210, which is the final answer.
Teachers can then have students practice on their own, using similar problems, until they feel comfortable with the process.
Activity #2: Color-Coded Arrays
Color-coding multiplication arrays can help students visualize the problem and see the relationship between the numbers involved. For example, if the problem is 23 x 4, teachers can use a color-coded array to represent the problem as follows:
– Draw a rectangle with 2 rows and 3 columns (to represent the 2-digit number).
– Shade in the boxes to show the value of the 2-digit number (2 rows of 10, and 3 ones).
– Draw 4 circles underneath the rectangle (to represent the larger number, 4).
– Distribute the shaded boxes evenly among the circles, starting with the circles on the right.
– Count up the number of shaded boxes in each circle to get the final answer.
This activity can also be adapted for larger numbers or for problems that involve multiples of ten.
Activity #3: Digital Resources
There are many digital resources available for teaching multiplication, including interactive games, online worksheets, and instructional videos. These resources can be a great way to engage students and provide additional practice opportunities.
For example, there are multiplication games that involve solving problems and racing against the clock. There are also websites that generate multiplication problems and allow students to practice at their own pace.
When using digital resources, it is essential to ensure that they are age-appropriate and aligned with classroom objectives.
In conclusion, there are various activities that teachers can use to teach students how to multiply a 2-digit number by a larger number. Breaking down the problem, using color-coded arrays, and incorporating digital resources are just a few examples that can engage students and help them develop confidence and proficiency in multiplication. With the right tools and strategies, students can master this essential math skill and continue to build on it as they progress through elementary school and beyond.